1 edition of Agricultural runoff management (ARM) model version II found in the catalog.
Agricultural runoff management (ARM) model version II
by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Research Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Athens, Ga, Springfield, Va
Written in English
|Statement||by Anthony S. Donigian, Jr ... [et al.]|
|Series||Ecological research series ; EPA-600/3-77-098|
|Contributions||Donigian, Anthony S, Environmental Research Laboratory (Athens, Ga.), Hydrocomp, inc|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 294 p. :|
|Number of Pages||294|
Agricultural Waste Management Field Handbook Chapter 9 Agricultural Waste Management Systems (–VI–AWMFH, Amend. 47, December ) Issued December The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age. Agricultural runoff describes the water that moves across the land surface before it enters a permanent surface water body. The water originates as natural precipitation – .
Best management practices can reduce but not eliminate pollutant loadings of common stormwater pollutants. Designs that collect runoff and allow it to infiltrate the soil have the highest documented pollutant-removal efficiency, eliminating nearly all lead, zinc, and solids and more than 50% of total nitrogen and by: Agricultural Runoff-Characteristics and Control. Agricultural runoff consists of nonpoint sources that range from almost natural runoff to that from concentrated agricultural operations such as animal feedlots and fertilized fields. Control of the latter is possible by waste management and land conservation techniques. Increases in agricultural efficiency have been associated with a Cited by: 5.
Agricultural Practices and Technologies to Reduce Water Impacts 43 into weather-sensitive crop models that can help design crop varieties to match climate conditions, as well as determine optimal management of crops in specific climate conditions, either in the present or in the future. processes such as runoff, infiltration, evapotranspiration, soil water profiles and percolation. Water volumes are estimated by budget depths times the associated field area. Pond hydrology simulations provide water budgets by multiple input and depletion processes for impoundments which have agricultural fields or operations as their water Size: KB.
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Agricultural runoff, industrial wastewater discharge, stormwater runoff, and sewer line leaks pollute freshwater on a massive scale, resulting in significantly less safe freshwater for human use. Thus the best water resource management strategy focuses on preventing water pollution and maintaining the safety of freshwater resources.
Agricultural runoff is typically a nonpoint source pollution, which means it is hard to exactly locate where the pollution comes from. This is because the runoff picks up other pollutants throughout its travel until it reaches its final location, typically a body of water. Agricultural runoff can occur because of improper management of animal.
Fertilized soils, as well as livestock operations, are also vulnerable to nutrient losses to the air. Nitrogen can be lost from farm fields in the form of gaseous, nitrogen-based compounds, like ammonia and nitrogen oxides. Ammonia can be harmful to aquatic life if large amounts are deposited from the atmosphere to surface waters.
Nitrous oxide. Agricultural runoff is identified as one of the main diffuse and non-point sources of pollution.
It is typically enriched with sediments, nutrients, phosphorus, pathogens, pesticides, steroid, heavy metals, hormone and antibiotics (Kato et al., ; Lefrancq et al., ; Zhu et al., ).Author: Yeek-Chia Ho, Boon-Chin Lim, Jun-Wei Lim.
Damaging Consequences of Agricultural Runoff | Greentumble. Agricultural runoff has led to eutrophication of water bodies, while the use of broad-spectrum pesticides harms beneficial organisms as well as pests.
In addition, the pesticides get accumulated in cattle and other grazing animals and return to the public through drinking water, milk, diary products, and meat.
Agricultural Runoff. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is pollution that comes from many diffuse sources, unlike pollution from point sources such as industrial and sewage treatment plants.
“Polluted runoff is created by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground. Advances in Urban Stormwater and Agricultural Runoff Source Controls: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Source Control Measures for (Nato Science Series: IV: Book 6) - Kindle edition by Marsalek, J., Watt, W.
Ed, Zeman, Evzen, Sieker, Heiko. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or cturer: Springer. The journal publishes papers of international significance relating to the science, economics, and policy of agricultural water management.
In all cases, manuscripts must address implications and provide insight regarding agricultural water management. The primary topics that we consider are the following: • Farm-level and regional water. v Agriculture Handbook Ponds—Planning, Design, Construction Tables Table 1 Runoff curve numbers for urban areas 14 Table 2 Runoff curve numbers for agricultural lands 15 Table 3 Runoff curve numbers for other agricultural lands 16 Table 4 Runoff curve numbers for arid and semiarid rangelands 17 Table 5 Runoff depth, in inches 18 Table 6 I a values for runoff curve File Size: 1MB.
Farm Management - PDF ebook. proper planning is practiced and good management is adhered to. This book is designed to provide an up-to-date, broad and balanced perspective on farm management. may result in high surface runoff and erosion.
Slopes on unstable soil are also more likely to fail (landslips). Surface runoff (also known as overland flow) is the flow of water that occurs when excess stormwater, meltwater, or other sources flow over the Earth's can occur when the soil is saturated to full capacity, and rain arrives more quickly than soil can absorb it.
Surface runoff often occurs because impervious areas (such as roofs and pavement) do not allow water to. Runoff of nutrients from agricultural regions and cities are a growing threat to the world's oceans, as highlighted in the Pew Oceans Commission report Cited by: Agricultural runoff management (ARM) model version II.
Athens, Ga.: Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Research Laboratory ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication.
User's manual for agricultural runoff management (ARM) model. Athens, Ga.: Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency [Technology Development and Applications Branch] ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Information Service,  (OCoLC) Material Type.
Agricultural runoff is the flow of water that occurs when farm irrigation systems apply more water than the ground can absorb. Excessive irrigation can affect water quality by causing erosion, transporting nutrients, pesticides, and heavy metals.
In the National Water Quality Inventory, states reported that agricultural runoff was a. Sources and mechanisms of nutrient transport in lawn irrigation driven surface runoff are largely unknown. We investigated the transport of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in lawn irrigation driven surface runoff from a residential neighborhood (28 ha) of 56% impervious and 44% pervious areas.
Pervious areas encompassing turfgrass (lawns) in the neighborhood were Cited by: This book provides useful information about Urban Agriculture, which includes the production of crops in small to large lots, vertical production on walls, windows, rooftops, urban gardens, farmer's markets, economic models of urban gardening, peri-urban agricultural systems, and spatial planning and evolution of the land uses.
Fortunately, most damage caused by Agricultural Runoff can be prepared. Scientists, Farmers and communities have come together to find possible solutions to fix various types of problems caused by Agricultural Runoff.
Some states have made laws while others have made programs getting their community involved in order to protect the ocean from. National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Pollution from Agriculture Chapter 4F: Irrigation Water Management more difficult for plants to uptake water. In addition, specific ions, such as chloride, sodium, boron and others may have a toxic effect on plants at certain levels.
of technical information on urban runoff and the impacts of land use change based upon their seminal or definitive role in the field of urban runoff management. In light of the chapter’s broad scope and emphasis on learning the fundamentals first, these references can be used to expand readers’ knowledge beyond the pages of this book.Worldwide, over two billion acres of virgin land have been plowed and brought into agricultural use since Until the last decades of the twentieth century, clearing new land compensated for loss of agricultural the s the total amount of land under cultivation began decliningfor the first time since farming reached the land between the Tigris and the Euphrates.Alternative Crops and Cropping Systems.
Crop diversity is a key tenet of sustainable agriculture. Having multiple crops that fill distinct niches in an agro eco system improves the ability to manage weeds, diseases and insect pests as well as potentially improving the environmental performance of the cropping system.